HAPS Educator Submission Guidelines


The HAPS Educator welcomes submissions of at least 1000 words relevant to Anatomy and Physiology Education.   Authors do not have to be members of HAPS. All HAPS Educator articles are peer-reviewed.  

Submissions must be directed towards one of three categories:

  • HAPS Educator Educational Research: These papers discuss pedagogical research projects supported by robust data, and are uploaded into the LifeSciTRC one year post-publication.  Educational Research articles usually include an introduction, methods, results and discussion section.  However, the authors may choose an alternate organization if it more effectively presents their project.

  • HAPS Educator Current Topics:  These timely articles provide a summary of a particular concept area. These timely articles critically summarize the peer-reviewed literature on specific topics.    They must also include a short description of how the information can be used in teaching anatomy and/or physiology.

  • HAPS Educator Perspectives on Teaching: These articles discuss a teaching philosophy or modality.  Lengthy (more than 500 words) descriptions of teaching activities without accompanying data are also most welcome in this section.

Shorter submissions will be directed towards one of two destinations:

  • Teaching tips for A&P : these are very brief descriptions of learning activities and were formerly known as "edu-snippets."   They are published in a stand-alone website grouped by learning outcome and are available to all HAPS members.  Have a teaching tip that you would like to share?  You can do that from the link above.

  • The HAPS Blog:  you want feedback during the early stages of a research project or want to provoke discussion, think about writing a BLOG ENTRY!  Blogs are most effective if they are less than 500 words.

Potential authors can use the flowchart below to choose the best destination for submission.  (Click on the image for a larger version.)


Submission deadlines for HAPS Educator are:

March 1 (Spring issue)
July 1 (Summer issue)
November 1 (Winter issue)



Each submission will be evaluated by at least two reviewers for the Educational Scholarship standards listed below:

1.  The article must meet the length and content requirements of one of the three HAPS Educator categories (Educational Research, Current Topics, or Perspectives on Teaching).

2. Educational Research articles will be further reviewed as to the quantity and quality of the data.  Submissions lacking sufficient data will be redirected towards the “Perspectives on Teaching” section of the Educator.

3.   The article must maintain scientific accuracy in its details and reflect the author’s preparation and knowledge of the field.

4.     The information in the article must be organized and clearly presented, and free from spelling and grammatical errors.

The reviewers will make one of four recommendations:

                  1. Accept as is.
2. Accept with minor alterations.
3. Accept with major alterations.

4. Reject.

Based on the recommendations and comments of the reviewers, the Editor will make a final decision regarding each article. Authors will be notified as to the editor’s recommendation and will receive copies of the reviewer comments, and will have the opportunity to revise and resubmit, if necessary.   While the reviewers will know the authors’ identities, the authors will not know the reviewers’ identities. 


Please read through the information on this page prior to submitting your manuscript.  If you have additional questions or need help with the submissions process, please contact the editors at editor@hapsconnect.org

1. Terms of Submission

2. Submission Procedure

3. Formatting the Manuscript

4. Formatting the Reference List

5. Illustrations



1. Terms of Submission

The HAPS Educator publishes manuscripts consisting of original material that is not currently being consider for publication by another journal, website, or book and has not previously been published.  Publication of the manuscript must be approved by all of the authors.

All articles published in the HAPS Educator are uploaded into the Life Sciences Teaching Resources Community (LifeSciTRC).  For more information about this database, follow this link.

Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyright material and the source of this material must be acknowledged in their manuscript.  Authors are expected to know that the un-referenced use of published or unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, from any source, constitutes plagiarism.

Responsibility for (1) the accuracy of facts, (2) the expression of opinion and (3) the authenticity of any supporting material presented by the author rests solely with the author.  The HAPS Educator, its publishers, editors, reviewers and staff, take no responsibility for these things.

2. Submission Procedure

All articles must be submitted online, using the online submission form.   Please get all your submission materials together before starting the form, as it will time out after a period of inactivity.  It may be easiest to collect the submission elements in a word processor and then cut-and-paste into the form.  You will need to provide the following information:

·       The name, affiliation, and email of each author

·       A short biography of the authors (100 words maximum) to be included in the HAPS Educator

·       The article title

·       An abstract of 150 words or less.  The abstract will be included in the LifeSciTRC submission.

·       A list of 1-5 individual keywords

·       The manuscript file

·       Illustrations, uploaded as individual files

3. Manuscript Guidelines


It is the responsibility of the author to make sure that the manuscript is complete, accurate, and properly formatted. Improperly formatted submissions will be returned to the authors for revision before they are reviewed.

1. Manuscripts are to be submitted as a Word document (.doc or .docx) or rich text format

 (.rtf).  Please do not submit a .pdf file.  You may use Arial italic and Arial bold, but do not use specialty styles in Word.


2. Use a 12-point Arial font, with 1’” margins on all sides, double-spaced.


3. Include a title page that lists the full name, institutional address, and email address of each author.


4. Indicate approximate positions where illustrations should be placed within the manuscript.  (Submit illustrations as separate files – see below).


5. Number all pages and insert continuous line numbering (this feature is usually found in the "layout" function of word processors)


6. Use two spaces after each period.


7. Studies involving animals: Institutional approval must be obtained for all experiments involving animals.  Please include the following statement in the methodology section (if relevant): “This project was approved by the _____ board of _______, and all animals were handled in accordance with institutional guidelines”.


8. Studies involving humans: Informed consent must be obtained for all studies involving humans, and the researcher’s institutional review board must have approved all projects.  Please include the following statement in the methodology section (if relevant): This project was approved by the of , and informed consent was obtained from all participants”.


4. Referencing Guidelines

The journal follows the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Name-Year citation system.


Use the author-date convention for in-line references, separating multiple references with semicolons.  List multiple references alphabetically. If more than one reference uses the same author, cite the older reference first. Do not italicize et al. Use the following format:

  • Single author: (Earhardt 2004; Earhardt 2007)

  • Two authors: (Amber and Slevin 2005; Ryan and Slevin 2006)

  • Three or more authors: (Garcia-Borreguero et al. 2006)


Reference List

Journal article:

Please use standard abbreviations.  The title should be in sentence case. A doi should be provided if possible.

  • England BJ, Brigati JR, Schussler EE. 2017. Student anxiety in introductory biology classrooms: Perceptions about active learning and persistence in the major. PLOS ONE. 12(8):e0182506. https://doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182506.


Web site:

Please provide the website author (if possible), the date of publication or last revision (if known), the website title, and the web address.

  • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. 2014. What are the risks of smoking? [accessed in 2008 Sep 27]. Available from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/smo/risks.html.


Book Chapter:

Use sentence case for both the chapter title and the book title.

  • Zeidner M. 2007. Test anxiety in educational contexts: Concepts, findings, and future directions. In: Schutz PA, Pekrun R, editors. Emotion in education. Burlington (VT): Academic Press. p. 165–184.



Use sentence case for the book title.

  • Bandura A. 1997. Self-efficacy:  The exercise of control. New York (NY): WH Freeman.

If you need to cite a resource other than those listed here, consult an online style guide for the CSE name-year citation style, such as the guide found here.


5. Illustration Guidelines

1. For all figure and table types

    1. Please use Arial font whenever possible.  Arial bold and Arial Italic may be used, but do not use specialty styles created in Word.

    2. Figures and tables will usually be resized to either 7.5” (page-width) or 3.625” (1 column-width). Landscape mode is not possible.  Indicate your desired figure/table size, and ensure that the font size will be no less than 8 point when the figure is reduced to its final size.

    3. Indicate where the figure/table should be placed in the manuscript by inserting the following text IN RED: Place Figure 1 HERE.

2. Tables

    1. Submit tables as text at the end of the manuscript.

    2. Provide a legend (caption) for your table above or below the table.  A sample caption format is: Table 1. Title. 

3. For all figure types

  1. Figures (drawings, photos, graphs) should be numbered consecutively.  

  2. Provide a list of figure legends (captions)  at the end of the manuscript (as text). A sample caption format is: Figure 1. Title of image.  Description. Use sentence case (only the first letter is capitalized).

  3. Do not include figure legends in the figure files.  

  4. Acceptable figure types are eps, ai, pdf, psd, tif, and jpeg

  5. Figure file names should provide the author’s last name and the figure number (e.g., Smith-Fig1)

  6. The use of color is encouraged and does not incur additional charges.

4.  Drawings and photos

    1. Photos should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Normal good quality photos will have a minimum file size of about 1 meg. Sometimes, smaller file sizes can work depending on the content.  File sizes for continuous-tone images under 200K should not be considered.

    2. Computer-based drawings are best for flow charts and diagrams.  If appropriate, hand drawings should use white paper and dark ink, not pencil, and scan the image as a high-quality pdf file.

    3. Samples of student work should be scanned as a high-quality pdf file rather than photographed.  

    4.  Photo images should be submitted as tif or jpeg files.  Do not place images inside a Word document for submitting your final resolution.

    5. When artwork contains both text and illustrations, it should be submitted as a TIFF file with a resolution of 500 dpi or better.

5. Graphs and data representations

    1. Do not include title or figure legend (caption) in the figure file.

    2. If error bars are shown, they need to be described in figure legend(SEM, SD, etc)

    3. Above all, use consistent formatting (including font size) with all figures in your manuscript.

    4. Scales or axes should not extend beyond the bounds of the plotted data.

    5. Use a relatively heavy weight for lines (e.g. axes).   

    6. Keys to symbols, if needed, should be kept as simple as possible and be positioned so they do not needlessly enlarge the figure. Choose symbols that are easily distinguishable when the figure is at its published size.

    7. Two sample figures are provided.






We look forward to your submission.  Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions. 

If you have additional questions please contact the editors at editor@hapsconnect.org

For more information about advertising in HAPS Educator please see the HAPS Educator Advertising Rates and Specification Page.  If you have any questions, please contact the HAPS Business Office at info@hapsconnect.org