HAPS Educator Submission Guidelines


The HAPS Educator welcomes submissions of at least 1000 words relevant to Anatomy and Physiology Education.   Authors do not have to be members of HAPS. All HAPS Educator articles are peer-reviewed.  

Submissions must be directed towards one of three categories:

  • HAPS Educator Educational Research: These papers discuss pedagogical research projects supported by robust data, and usually include introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion sections.  However, the authors may choose an alternate organization if it more effectively presents their project.

  • HAPS Educator Current Topics:  These timely articles provide a summary of a particular concept area. These timely articles critically summarize the peer-reviewed literature on specific topics.    They must also include a short description of how the information can be used in teaching anatomy and/or physiology.

  • HAPS Educator Perspectives on Teaching: These articles discuss a teaching philosophy or present an classroom activity.  They do not need to include data, but instructor observations of an activity's effectiveness are helpful.  Lengthy (more than 500 words) descriptions of teaching activities without accompanying data are also most welcome in this section.

Shorter submissions will be directed towards one of two destinations:

  • Teaching Tips for A&P : These are very brief descriptions of learning activities.   They are published in a stand-alone website grouped by learning outcome and are available to all HAPS members. Submissions can be made at the link above.

  • The HAPS Blog:  Blog entries are usually fewer than 500 words, and relate to a topica of interest to Anatomy and Physiology instructors.  More information about how to submit a blog is available via the link above. 

Potential authors can use the flowchart below to choose the best destination for submission.  (Click on the image for a larger version.)


Submission deadlines for HAPS Educator are:

March 1 (Spring issue)
July 1 (Summer issue)
November 1 (Winter issue)



Each submission will be evaluated by at least two reviewers for the Educational Scholarship standards listed below:

1.  The article must meet the length and content requirements of one of the three HAPS Educator categories (Educational Research, Current Topics, or Perspectives on Teaching).

2. Educational Research articles will be further reviewed as to the quantity and quality of the data.  Submissions lacking sufficient data will be redirected towards the “Perspectives on Teaching” section of the Educator.

3.   The article must maintain scientific accuracy in its details and reflect the author’s preparation and knowledge of the field.

4.     The information in the article must be organized and clearly presented, and free from spelling and grammatical errors.

The reviewers will make one of four recommendations:

                  1. Accept as is.
2. Accept with minor alterations.
3. Accept with major alterations.

4. Reject.

Based on the recommendations and comments of the reviewers, the Overseeing (Associate) Editor will make a recommendation to the Editor in Chief, who will make the final decision regarding each article. Authors will be notified as to the editor’s recommendation and will receive copies of the reviewer comments, and will have the opportunity to revise and resubmit, if necessary.   While the reviewers will know the authors’ identities, the authors will not know the reviewers’ identities. 


Please read through the information on this page prior to submitting your manuscript.  If you have additional questions or need help with the submissions process, please contact the editors at editor@hapsconnect.org

1. Terms of Submission

2. Submission Procedure

3. Formatting the Manuscript

4. Formatting the Reference List

5. Illustrations



1. Terms of Submission

The HAPS Educator publishes manuscripts consisting of original material that is not currently being consider for publication by another journal, website, or book and has not previously been published.  Publication of the manuscript must be approved by all of the authors.

All articles published in the HAPS Educator are uploaded into the Life Sciences Teaching Resources Community (LifeSciTRC).  For more information about this database, follow this link .

Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyright material and the source of this material must be acknowledged in their manuscript.  Authors are expected to know that the un-referenced use of published or unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, from any source, constitutes plagiarism.

Responsibility for (1) the accuracy of facts, (2) the expression of opinion and (3) the authenticity of any supporting material presented by the author rests solely with the author.  The HAPS Educator, its publishers, editors, reviewers and staff, take no responsibility for these things.

2. Submission Procedure

All articles must be submitted online, using the online submission form.   Please assemble all submission materials together before starting the form, as it will time out after a period of inactivity.  Sumbission elements may be cut and pasted from a word processor program. You will need to provide the following information:

·       The name, affiliation, and email of each author

·       A short biography of the authors (100 words maximum) to be included in the HAPS Educator

·       The article title

·       An abstract of 150 words or fewer. 

·       A list of 1-5 individual keywords

·       A short description of how this resource could be used by A&P instructors

·     The manuscript file

·       Illustrations, uploaded as individual files

3. Manuscript Guidelines


It is the responsibility of the author to make sure that the manuscript is complete, accurate, and properly formatted. Improperly formatted submissions will be returned to the authors for revision before they are reviewed.

1. Manuscripts are to be submitted as a Word document (.doc or .docx) or rich text format

 (.rtf).  Please do not submit a .pdf file, and avoid using specialty styles.


2. Use a 12-point Arial font, with 1’” margins on all sides, double-spaced.


3. Include a title page that lists the full name, institutional address, and email address of each author.


4. Indicate approximate positions where illustrations should be placed within the manuscript.  (Submit illustrations as separate files – see below).


5. Number all pages and insert continuous line numbering (this feature is usually found in the "layout" function of word processors)


6. Use one space after each period.


7. Studies involving animals: Institutional approval must be obtained for all experiments involving animals.  Please include the following statement in the methodology section (if relevant): “This project was approved by the _____ board of _______, and all animals were handled in accordance with institutional guidelines”.


8. Studies involving humans: Informed consent must be obtained for all studies involving humans, and the researcher’s institutional review board must have approved all projects.  Please include the following statement in the methodology section (if relevant): This project was approved by the               board of                , and informed consent was obtained from all participants”.


4. Referencing Guidelines

The journal follows the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Name-Year citation system.




Use the author-date convention for in-line references, separating multiple references with semicolons.  List multiple references alphabetically. If more than one reference uses the same author, cite the older reference first. Do not italicize et al. Use the following format:

  • Single author: (Earhardt 2004; Earhardt 2007)

  • Two authors: (Amber and Slevin 2005; Ryan and Slevin 2006)

  • Three or more authors: (Garcia-Borreguero et al. 2006)


Reference List

Journal article:

Please use standard abbreviations.  The title should be in sentence case. A doi should be provided if possible.

  • Online: England BJ, Brigati JR, Schussler EE. 2017. Student anxiety in introductory biology classrooms: Perceptions about active learning and persistence in the major. PLOS ONE. [internet]. [cited 2018 Nov 20]; 12(8):e0182506.  Available from: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0182506.  doi:       https://doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182506.

  • Print: Millan MJ. 2002. Descending control of pain.  Prog Neurobiol 66(6):355-474.


Web site:

Please provide the website author (if possible), the date of publication or last revision (if known), the website title, and the web address.

  • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. 2014. What are the risks of smoking? [cited 2008 Sep 27]. Available from: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/smo/risks.html.


Book Chapter:

Use sentence case for both the chapter title and the book title.

  • Zeidner M. 2007. Test anxiety in educational contexts: Concepts, findings, and future directions. In: Schutz PA, Pekrun R, editors. Emotion in education. Burlington (VT): Academic Press. p. 165–184.



Use sentence case for the book title.

  • Bandura A. 1997. Self-efficacy:  The exercise of control. New York (NY): WH Freeman.

If you need to cite a resource other than those listed here, consult an online style guide for the CSE name-year citation style, such as the guide found here.


5. Illustration Guidelines

1. For all figure and table types

    1. Please use Arial font (including bold and italic), but do not use specialty styles.

    2. Figures and tables will usually be resized to either 7.5” (page-width) or 3.625” (1 column-width). Landscape mode is not possible.  Indicate your desired figure/table size, and ensure that the font size will be no less than 8 point when the figure is reduced to its final size.

    3. Indicate where the figure/table should be placed in the manuscript by inserting the following text IN RED: Place Figure 1 HERE.

2. Tables

    1. Submit tables as text at the end of the manuscript.

    2. Provide a legend (caption) for your table above or below the table.  A sample caption format is: Table 1. Title. 

3. For all figure types

  1. Figures (drawings, photos, graphs) should be numbered consecutively.  

  2. Provide a list of figure legends (captions)  at the end of the manuscript (as text). A sample caption format is: Figure 1. Title of image.  Description. Use sentence case (only the first letter is capitalized).

  3. Do not include figure legends in the figure files.  

  4. Acceptable figure types are eps, ai, pdf, psd, tif, and jpg

  5. Figure file names should provide the author’s last name and the figure number (e.g., Smith-Fig1)

  6. The use of color is encouraged and does not incur any charges.

4.  Drawings and photos

    1. Photos should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

    2. Computer-based drawings are best for flow charts and diagrams.  If appropriate, hand drawings should use white paper and dark ink, not pencil, and scan the image as a high-quality pdf file.

    3. Samples of student work should be scanned as a high-quality pdf file rather than photographed.  

    4.  Photo images should be submitted as .tif or .jpg files.  Do not place images inside a Word document for submitting your final resolution.

    5. When artwork contains both text and illustrations, it should be submitted as a .tif file with a resolution of 500 dpi or better.

5. Graphs and data representations (two examples here)

    1. Do not include the figure title or legend (caption) in the figure file.

    2. If used, ensure that error bars are defined in the figure legend.

    3. Scales or axes should not extend beyond the bounds of the plotted data.

    4. Use a relatively heavy weight for lines (e.g. axes).   

    5. Keys to symbols should be positioned so they do not needlessly enlarge the figure. Choose symbols that are easily distinguishable when the figure is at its published size.

6. Survey Guidelines Regarding Diversity and Inclusion
When employing surveys, we recommend inclusion of questions relating to gender, and, if appropriate, sex or sexual identity. 

Sex (e.g., male, female, intersex) refers to biological characteristics, and may be defined according to chromosomal complement, gametes, or morphological traits such as internal and external reproductive organs. These terms may be most relevant to physiological or anatomical studies.  
Gender relates to how an individual perceives and presents themselves in a cultural context (e.g., man, woman, transgender, gender fluid, etc.) and may be most relevant to studies examining the experiences and attitudes of subjects.
Sexual identity (e.g., asexual, bisexual, heterosexual) is a third classification that will be relevant to very specific types of research questions.
We acknowledge that sex, gender, and sexual identity are inter-related and the topic of ongoing research and discussion. We encourage authors to explicitly state their rationale for using one or more of these variables and to include the relevant survey questions. See the links below for more information.

         Stanford link             Iowa State Link




We look forward to your submission.  Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions. 

If you have additional questions please contact the editors at editor@hapsconnect.org

For more information about advertising in HAPS Educator please see the HAPS Educator A dvertising Rates and Specification Page.  If you have any questions, please contact the HAPS Business Office at  info@hapsconnect.org