Obtaining legal authorization:
Cedarville University is located in south-western Ohio. We worked with the county building department for all permits, approvals, inspections, etc. To my knowledge, this did not require any additional input from state or federal agencies (i.e. EPA)
Two Anatomy / Physiology courses (2 semester sequence) are taught at Cedarville University every year. We also teach an Introduction to Human Gross Anatomy course to select senior Biology Pre-Med or Pre-PA students each semester.
BIO 2010 and BIO 2020 (Human Anatomy I / II respectively), are taught to freshman and sophomore level nursing students and allied health students. Human donors are used in these two course in a “strictly” observation type fashion. One – two previously dissected donors are available for students to learn systems based anatomy. Each organ system has been previously dissected by student enrolled in the Introduction to Human Gross Anatomy course.
BIO 3450 and BIO 3460 (Human Structure and Function I /II). These courses are in a two semester sequence, taught to junior pre-med, pre-pa and pre-pharm students. Students enrolled in these courses interact with human cadavers on a regular basis; again, learning systems based anatomy. For example, students will learn gross anatomy of muscle (origin, insertion etc…) and are then tested on what they’ve observed and learned in a lab practical setting. Students earning a cumulative grade of A- or better between the two semesters may apply to take the introduction to human gross anatomy course.
BIO 4650: Introduction to Human Gross Anatomy. This course is offered each semester to outstanding pre-med or pre-pa students. Students are selected by permission of the instructor and must display excellent maturity and quality academic work to be considered for this course. The course is capped at 8-9 students per semester (16-17 total. for the academic year). Students are divided into two teams of 4 and assigned a human donor to prepare for use in one of the other anatomy courses offered at Cedarville (mentioned above). One team is responsible for dissecting musculo-skeletal and neuro-anatomy (brain and spinal cord), the other team is responsible for dissecting “internal” anatomy (heart, lungs, stomach, liver, pancreas and kidney’s). Total cadaver’s dissected = 2 / per semester = 4/yr
Number of cadavers, cadaver transport, cadaver storage:
Four human cadavers are stored in our cadaver lab at any given time. Cadavers at our institution are on ‘loan” to us from Wright State University Medical School. They provide transportation of human donors for us through at local mortuary service. Wright State University invoices our department for all fees associated with preparation of the donors and transports fees.
Our human donors are stored in hooded (locked) cadaver tables in our gross anatomy lab.
Types of tables, ventilation, lights, flooring, temperature, humidity
Tables: Hooded Dissection Table(s) with Exhaust Chamber
Purchased from Mortech Manufacturing (model #600024). Total # = 3
We also purchased 1 height adjustable dissection table to meet ADA requirements. This is a “hand crank” model to raise or lower the table. Purchased from Mortech Manufacturing (model #600024-A). Total = 1
Overhead lighting illuminates the gross anatomy lab. Each computer work station has recessed lighting.
Each cadaver table has surgical task lighting mounted on the ceiling (directly above each dissecting table). Welch Allyn Green Series (900) Procedure Light
Ventilation / Temperature / Humidity:
The HVAC system utilizes a dedicated 100% outside air unit to heat, cool, ventilate, and humidify the room. The outdoor air unit utilizes a desiccant wheel for dehumidification with active heat regeneration. A separate exhaust system creates up to ~12 air changes per hour (ach) based on operating mode, which is ducted to the dissection tables and room exhaust grille. During occupied hours the room exhaust rate is 12 ach. If any of the dissection tables are open the room exhaust rate is 12 ach. The room exhaust rate is lowered to ~4 ach, which is only via the dissection tables, during unoccupied hours and all dissection tables closed.
The room design conditions are 65°F with 30% relative humidity (33°F dew point) in winter and 50% rh (46°F dp) in summer
The floor is a 'poured' epoxy floor. We chose this for the durability and appearance as well as the ability to add a non-slip factor to it. By being poured, there are no seams to catch anything.
Safety, eye wash, shower, sharps, biohazard waste
All students/ faculty that enter the cadaver lab are expected to wear lab coats (or scrubs with long sleeve shirts underneath), and protective eyewear. Gloves are provided for all students.
An eye wash station is located adjacent to one of the surgical scrub sinks located in the lab. We were not required to add a shower in the lab.
Biohazard waste is stored in lined – gallon drums with locked lids during active dissection periods. When cadavers are not being dissected, biohazard wasted is stored in a locked storage closet in the gross anatomy lab.
Sharps containers are mounted on the wall at each dissection station.
Security, Max number of students-
Security: All outside entrances to the gross anatomy lab are through key-card access of approved university personnel only. Students do not receive key – card access to the lab. Internal doors are locked and only authorized personnel have keys that will un-lock the internal doors to the GA lab. All cadaver tables (when closed) are pad locked and only the Anatomy Professors have access to these keys.
Max # of Students:
During dissection: each table may only have 4 students and 1-2 faculty members around it at any given time For observation: no more than 6-7 students at any given time may be around the dissection table