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Poster Style Guidelines
The HAPS 2014 Jacksonville Organizing Committee invites proposals for poster presentations.  The abstracts will be published in the Pre-Conference Website/Conference Booklet; therefore submissions MUST be formatted according to the guidelines stated below.  Abstracts that are incomplete or improperly formatted will be returned.  Please read the following instructions carefully and refer to the examples below.

Poster Title (Begin title with an uppercase letter, the remainder of the title is lowercase letters, title should consist of one sentence or phase, no period at the end)

Presenter’s name (Indicate presenter with initials followed by last name, for example, A.B. Smith, B.C. Johnson, and D.E. Haps)

Presenter’s affiliations (Spell out affiliations in full, with full postal address including zip/postal code). 

Abstract body (Provide abstract in one paragraph without tables, figures, references, headings or equations; Body text is limited to a maximum of 100 words).


The 2D:4D ratio: investigation of a sexually dimorphic trait in the human skeleton


K. A. McMahon

The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK, 74104


The ratio of the length of the 2nd digit (index finger) to the 4th digit (ring finger) is a sexually dimorphic trait. Males have a lower 2D:4D ratio because the 2nd digit is usually shorter. In females the 2nd and 4th digits are generally of equal length. A lower 2D:4D reflects a higher fetal testosterone level. 2D:4D ratio can be observed by the end of the first trimester and does not change over the life span.  2D:4D ratios have been correlated with certain diseases, careers, skills in sports, and mental ability. Students hypothesize expected differences and collect data in lecture or laboratory. Digit lengths are easily measured with a metric ruler or calipers directly or from a photocopy. Students postulated that as athletes often have superior spatial ability, a trait correlated with testosterone levels, then athletes of either sex would have lower 2D:4D ratios in comparison to students who are non-athletes. Mean overall 2D:4D ratios for female athletes (0.9683) were lower than those of female non-athletes (0.9845) and 2D:4D ratios for male athletes were lower (0.9599) than those of male non-athletes (0.9709). This exercise brings an investigative approach to the study of the human skeleton.


Printed with permission of K.A. McMahon



The HAPS-Institute: a new approach to continuing education for instructors of anatomy and physiology


C. A. Martin, J.G. Griswold, K. Patton, E. Arnestad and T. Lancraft

HAPS-Institute, Stark State College, North Canton, OH, 44720


The HAPS-Institute offers in-depth, discipline-specific graduate credit courses to train and support undergraduate A&P instructors.  Courses place strong emphasis on pedagogical strategies that foster undergraduate student critical thinking skills and include active review of core concepts, integration of recent discoveries, exploration of established, new, and emerging methods of teaching and learning, and peer- reviewed development of a final teaching product.  Courses are taught online, in the laboratory with an online preparatory component, or in a hybrid format. Results indicate the HAPS-I course experience bolsters the professional expertise of instructors and improves the learning experience of their students.  Instructors demonstrated improvement in comprehension of the subject matter and confidence in using the teaching techniques modeled in the course.  The effort instructors spend on module development coupled with the input from peer-review classmates has contributed to ownership and incorporation of modules in their own classes.  We are continuing to assess ongoing needs to determine content topic areas, and refine course models to strengthen the foundation for future programming.


Printed with permission of C.A. Martin